Computer Kya Hai Aur Iski Kya Properties Hai?

Computer ki basic definition kya hai?


Computer ek automatic aur instructions ke according work karne wala electronic device hai, jo data assume karta hai aur software ya program ke according, kisi result ke liye data ko process, store ya present karta hai.


‘Computer’ word ka origin kaha se hua hai?


‘Computer’ word ka origin Latin language ke ‘computare’ word se hua hai jiska mean hai ‘calculate karna’.


‘Computer’ word ki full form kya hai?


‘Computer’ word ki full form hai- Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Technical Education and Research.


Computer ka working process kya hai?


Computer apna work 4 steps me complete karta hai ye steps is tarah hai-


Input: Computer me data ya information ko send karna hi Input hai. Iske dwara Central Processing Unit ke liye data aur instructions send kiya jata hai.


Processing: Central Processing Unit computer ke instructions ko execute karta hai.


Output: Yah user ko updated data provide karta hai.


Storage: Iske dwara data aur program ko permanent store kiya jata hai.


Computer, Computer parts, Computer devices, Properties of computer


Computer ki kya properties hoti hai?


Speed: Computer ek second me millions calculations karta hai. Present me computer Nano second(10-9 second) me bhi calculations kar sakta hai.

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Errorless work: Computer difficult questions ka without kisi error ke result present kar deta hai. Calculation ke during agar koi error found kiya jata hai to wah program ya data me human mistakes ke karan hoti hai.


Storage capacity: Computer apni memory me information ka huge storage store kar sakta hai. Isme uncountable statistics aur programs ko store karne ki capacity hoti hai. Computer ke external aur internal storage mediums me unlimited data aur informations ko store kiya ja sakta hai.


For many purpose: Computer ke dwara many types ke works kiye ja sakte hai. Modern computers me different types ke work ek saath karne ki ability hoti hai.


Privacy: Computer me kisi bhi work ko secret rakhne ke password ka use kiya jata hai. Password ka use karke kisi bhi important file ya work ko secure kiya ja sakta hai.


Competence: Computer without stoppage ke kisi bhi work ko millions times kar sakta hai kyuki us par external atmosphere ka koi effect nahi padta hai.


Automatic: Computer ek esi machine hai jisko work karne ke liye kisi other thing ki need nahi hoti hai. Isko only ek bar instructions dene ki need hai phir yah automatic hi instructions ke according self hi calculation karta hai aur result provide karta hai.

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Hardware kya hote hai?


Computer ke ve sabhi parts hardware hote hai jinhe hum apne hands se touch kar sakte hai aur dekh bhi sakte hai. Hardware ka use computer ko kisi bhi type ke instructions dene ke liye kiya jata hai. Iska mean ye hai ki hardwares ka use computer me input devices ki tarah kiya jata hai. Isliye inhe input devices bhi kaha jata hai. For example some hardwares hai- motherboard, monitor, keyboard, mouse, printer etc.


Software kya hote hai?


Jab computer me kisi certain work ko karne ke liye hardware ke through instructions input kiye jate hai to computer us work ko complete karne ke liye kisi certain program ya groups of program ki help leta hai taki wo work errorless aur jyada accuracy se complete ho sake. Kisi bhi work ko complete karne ke liye use kiye jane wale un program ke groups ko hi softwares kaha jata hai. Software ke through input kiye gaye activity, data ko process aur result ko show karne ke instructions diye jate hai. For example- Notepad, M.S. Office, Games etc.


Data kya hai aur yah kitne type ka hota hai?


Facts aur disorganized figures ka group hi data ke name se know kiya jata hai. Data ko two parts me divide kiya ja sakta hai.

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Numerical data: Isme only 0 se 9 tak ke numbers ka use kiya jata hai. For example: Exam ke marks, Roll number etc.


Alphanumeric data:  Isme numbers, letters aur signs ka use kiya jata hai. For example- workers ka address, Pan card number etc.


Computer me ‘processing’ word ka kya mean hai?


Disorganized data par ki jane wali wo activity jinse ek organized aur arranged data get kiya jata hai, processing ke name se know ki jati hai. Data processing ka main target raw data se arranged data get karna hota hai, jiska use decision lene ke liye kiya jata hai.


Information kya hai?


Jab raw data ko software ki help se update, arrange aur structured kiya jata hai to ja arranged data hume get hota hai use hi Information kaha jata hai.


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